Phase 1


 

Phase 1 Lessons

All Students Must Memorize A-Z, before proceeding to the next level. These are the basics of our system and will prepare you for more challenging systems in the future.

 

Lesson A: The Salute

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The Warrior & The Scholar

The Salute is what we do at the beginning and the end of every class. It represents the duality of life, the Yin and Yang, The Warrior and Scholar.

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video

 

Lesson B: History

Overview:

Sijo Bruce Lee grew beyond his foundational teachings of Wing Chun and began calling this new “style” Jun Fan Gung Fu. Jun Fan being Bruce’s native name. Jun Fan Gung Fu is often referred to as “Modified Wing Chun” [1964 - 1967]

Jeet Kune Do or Jun Fan Jeet Kune Do is another step in Bruce’s progression. It revolves around the core arts of Wing Chun, Boxing & Fencing. It pulls techniques from many other styles such as savate wrestling and jujitsu. For this reason many refer to Bruce Lee as one of the grandfathers of MMA. [1967+]

In 1980 the idea of “Conceptual J.K.D.” appeared. This came when the art began adding pieces from many more styles such as Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Muay Thai Kickboxing, Filipino Kali, & Silat. Simply putting it: Since many wanted to retain some of what Bruce was originally teaching, while others saw continued evolution as the ultimate lesson and goal, the name split appeared.

Jun Fan Gung Fu  Modified Wing Chun (1964 - 1967)

  • Called Jeet Kune Do or Jun Fan Jeet Kune Do

  • Core arts: Wing Chun, Boxing, Fencing.

  • Sub arts: Savate, wrestling, Jujutsu and more.

  • circa 1967 – 1980

Conceptual J.K.D:

In addition to Wing Chun, Boxing & Fencing. Plus, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Muay Thai Kickboxing, Filipino Kali, & Silat circa1980



Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Click here to watch a documentary though you should really read the Tao of Jeet Kune Do, which he wrote.
 

 

Lesson C: Philosophy

“Jeet Kune Do” means: The Way of the Intercepting Fist

There is too much to cover here in one sitting. Remember the following points, then begin to read and consume as much information as you can.

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Core arts of Jun Fan J.K.D:

  • 60% Wing Chun

  • 20% Western Sword Fencing

  • 20% Western Boxing

The Jun Fan (Bruce Lee) System (The mental aspect)

  • Sticking to the nucleus

  • Liberation from the nucleus

  • Returning to original freedom

The three stages of development (The physical aspect)

  • Emptiness

  • Partiality

  • Fluidity

  • Emptiness

 

 

Lesson D: Motto and Creed

  • J.K.D. motto: Using no way as way, having no limitation as limitation.

  • J.K.D. creed: Absorb what’s useful, discard what’s useless, add what is essentially your own.

Lesson E: Principles

  • Simplicity – Daily minimize instead of daily increase/The sculptor analogy

  • Effectiveness – No Passive defense: we are offensive (Example, Jom Sao, Sliding leverage)

  • Economy of motion –Controlling all muscle contractions, and tension during the execution of all movement.

 

 

Lesson F: Foundation & Si Lim Tau

 

Click to enlarge the Set by Ip man

Understanding proper structure for your body and movements is key to understanding the basis of many of the techniques that we practice. A grasp of the concept of centerline should be emphasized.

"Siu Nim Tao / Si Lim Tau / Si Lim Tow" can be used as a form of moving and breathing meditation. In addition, it increases student concentration and focus. The form is also used extensively to develop proper structure, muscle memory & forward energy in Wing Chun practitioners.

About conditioning drills (5&7 Star Condition Drills)

The human body repairs itself and adapts to the conditions it is put under. For a thousand years, and more recently in modern MMA and the U.S. Marine Corps, body hardening techniques are applies to condition and strengthen the bones (through microfractures you allow to heal) the nerves (it dulls the nerves and reduces pain in the area later down the road) and your mental strength (dealing with pain). Start slow and one day you’ll notice a real difference.

Basic Techniques

  • Stance

  • Shifting your base

  • Blocks

  • Finger strikes

  • Punches

Scientific Principles

  • Elbow position

  • 4 gates

  • Centerline theory

    • Mother-line = vertical center mass

    • Centerline = personnel offense/defense line

    • Meridian-line = (attacking line) Your Centerline aligns with opponents Mother-line

 

 

 Lesson G: Base Shifting

Yee Jee Kim Ma

Yee Jee Kim Ma

Yee Jee Kim Ma – Restraining goat stance (The origin/for training only)

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- Cho Ma - Base shifting from Yee Jee Kim Ma stance

  1. One foot turns the base

  2. Both feet turn the base

  3. Walking base turns

  4. Turn base with tools in air

Proper shifting in Wing Chun requires the hips and the feet because it’s what generates the force behind our strikes and blocks. Base shifting allows you to keep your balance and generate power while removing yourself from your opponents attacking line.

To be able to correctly base shift, you must understand your basic stances as well... all of this is fairly complex and is best summed up in a video

 
Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video
 

 

Lesson H: Stance

 

Have Your Dominant Side Forward: Because…

  • Closer to the opponent

  • Harder to block

  • Stronger

  • Faster

  • Has greater dexterity  

  • Greater accuracy

  • More reliable than your non-dominant hand

Dung Bo Stance Original Jun Fan Gung Fu stance (Inside of lead elbow & middle finger on centerline)

  • Know how to move forward into (from natural position)

  • Move backward into (from natural position)

By-Jong Ready Position Inside of lead elbow on centerline.

  • Moving forward into

  • Moving backward into

  • Sliding from By-Jong stance into Dung Bo stance & back to By-Jong stance

  • Pivoting left & right (pivot on front foot first, then rear foot)

Dung-Bo Stance

Dung-Bo Stance

JKD Stance Posted by  Damjan Visnjic

JKD Stance Posted by Damjan Visnjic

 
Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video
 

 

Lesson I: Footwork

Footwork is the most important tool in fighters arsenal, for both the attack and the defense. You move in such a way that reduces your exposure to attack, while maintaining your ability to counterattack. Quick defense and a threatening ability to commit to offense. Just watching the video and going over the basic movements -literally a thousand times a week if possible- is the quickest way to become a proficient martial artist. Everything is built upon footwork.

The 3 Rules of Footwork

  1. Whatever direction you move, that foot moves first.

  2. Feet should take equal distance steps

  3. Do not teeter-totter your weight back & forth while moving

Basic Footwork Drill (in By-Jong position)

  1. Step + slide

  2. Slide + step

  3. Step-through

  4. Push advance

  5. Step 45º

  6. Walk 45º

  7. Rear 45º

  8. Turn Around

Advance, advance, retreat & Retreat, retreat, advance Drill:

  1. Normal      2. Slow-Fast-Slow    3. Fast-Slow- Fast

Mirror Drill:

  • Brim of Fire (distance from opponent)

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video
 

Lesson J: Defensive Kicking Mechanics

Side, Back, Hook & Straight kicks (your longest weapons)

Longest Weapon to Nearest Target

Bruce lee said that shin-knee side kick with the front leg is the fastest and most direct strike that we must use frequently as an offensive or defensive technique.


Hand/Foot moves first

Don’t telegraph your intentions or you’ll get hit first.

Water/Whip Principle

This principle makes use of the way that a fire hose behaves when water thrusts though it into its walls. The force of the water causes the hose to suddenly jerk to a straight position in the direction that the water is flowing. This happens very quickly.

When striking an opponent, imagine that your shoulder is the opening from the hydrant and the water is going to flow in the direction of your target. When the hydrant is turned on, your arm, forced to do so by the powerful surge of water, shoots straight as an arrow to the target that you are intending to strike.

Kinetic Link Principle

The principle that body segments generate high end-point velocity by accelerating and decelerating adjacent links, using internal and external muscle torques applied to the body segments in a sequential manner from proximal to distal, from massive to least massive, and from the most fixed point to the most free point.

Nerdist.com and Popular Mechanics had some great articles (here and here) discussing the kinetic linking of the body and how it is tied to the physical structure of the brain. It is something you learn and develop over time - and your brain and body adapt to it. It is the link that both Tim Linecum and Bruce Lee share - The learned ability to focus your entire body into a single point of pressure.

The Popular Mechanics article does a great job in summarizing this concept using Bruce’s famous one-inch-punch example:

“Because the punch happens over such a short amount of time, Lee has to synchronize each segment of the jab … Lee must layer his movements so that each period of peak acceleration follows the last one instantly. So coordination is key. And that's where the neuroscience comes in.”

Scientists compared the punches of general athletes versus those of martial artists. While it was evident that the martial artists were hitting harder - the reasoning was a bit surprising.

It was not simply overall body strength or even the speed of the strikes that accounted for the disparity - it was found that attacks that maximized the peak acceleration of multiple muscle groups together accounted for the increase in power. This creates the maximum possible mass in the punch at the highest velocity (more on that in a minute).

Apparently, this is level of interbody coordination  is directly related to the development of white matter in the supplementary motor cortex. Luckily, this white matter can be developed over many years of training and practice.

Kinetic Link be able to Demonstrate:

  • Water (PROOF - - shaking of the head)

  • Whip

  • Side kick right foot only (from natural position) low first, then to individual flexibility

From Dung Bo stance (Rear foot does not pivot)

  • Side kick

  • Straight kick (high Oblique)

  • Hook kick

By-Jong to Dung Bo stance

  • Side kick

  • Straight kick (high Oblique)

  • Hook kick

By-Jong to Heel-toe-sway

  • Side kick

  • Straight kick (high Oblique)

  • Hook kick

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video

 

Lesson K: Offensive Kicking Mechanics

 

By-Jong to Heel-toe-sway & push advance

  • Side kick

  • Hook kick

Introduction to the pendulum kicking motion

  • Laps

  • Stationary (grandfather clock example)

  • 3 man drill

Pendulum

  • Side kick

  • Back kick

  • Straight kick (high Oblique)

  • Hook kick

  • Add lead hand draw

½ step & pendulum

  • Side kick

  • Back kick

  • Straight kick

  • Hook

Double pendulum Side kick only (all water)

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video

 

Lesson L: Hand Tools and Fist Conditioning

Physics of Jeet Kune Do punching

Learn the Proper way making of a fist

Iron palm set on sand bag

  • Bui jee

  • Chop chuie x2

  • Phoenix eye

  • Ch’ung chuie

  • Gwa chuie

  • Hammer fist

  • Spade palm

  • Palm

  • Back hand


 

Lesson M: Punching Mechanics

  • Air

  • Snap stick

  • Mitt on shoulder (wrist & arm only, no hip)  

  • 1” Ch’ung Chuie (elbow straight) wrist & hip torque                      

  • 6” Ch’ung Chuie (wrist, arm & hip torque)

  • Ch’ung Chuie (wrist, arm, hip torque & body lean)

  • Ch’ung Chuie (wrist, arm, hip torque, body lean & advance)

  • Straight blast (Jik Ch’ung Chuie)

The Straight Blast

This technique is based on the concept of sustained and overwhelming offense as a means of forcing your opponent onto the defensive. You attack with fists perpendicularly above one  another and moving them in a circular motion (starting forward and downward) in a tight formation. This is intended to throw off the opponent by dealing a barrage of centrifugally forced punches at the center of the opponent's mass.   

In some of his books, Bruce Lee mentions how boxers would scoff at this  'funny' looking technique, but when they were not expecting it in sparring matches, they would take the brunt of the attack, be thrown off  guard and defeated.


 

Lesson N: Finger Jab

 
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  • Response Time 6 vs. 3

  • Dissecting an attack

  • Bui Jee (Finger jab):                

    • Spear

    • Split spear

    • Fan

    • Whip

In a street fight situation, when one's opponent may be trying to inflict serious harm, eyes should be a primary target. An eye poke needs little power to be effective, and it can stop even highly determined attackers. If the hand is kept at an approximately 45° angle to the opponent's face during the strike, there is less risk of hurting ones fingers, and even if they do not connect with the eye, the palm can impact on the opponent's face

Adds range to your attack as well, versus a typical jab.

The Basic finger jab, currently taking center line from the opponent’s punch

The Basic finger jab, currently taking center line from the opponent’s punch

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video

 

Lesson O: Sliding Leverage

 
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Sliding leverage can be applied against both the inside and outside of the attacker's attacking arm. Sometimes referred to as "cutting into the tool", youl simply slide off the line of attack and intercept from an angle by striking into the opponents tool.

On bottom arm of Mook Jong (Wooden Man)

  • Drill # 1

    • One punch

    • Two punches

    • Three punches

  • Drill # 2

    • Maintain contact   

  • Bui Jee & straight blast drill


 

Lesson P: JKD Jab

 

Small arc Principle: (first short jab, then long jab mechanics)

Jab Pull drill

  • Jun Fan version

  • JKD version

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Video Coming Soon

 

Lesson Q: Partner Drills

  1. ½ step & pendulum (opponent retreats in By-Jong)

    1. Side kick

    2. Straight kick

    3. Hook kick

    4. Add hand feint

  2. Lead pendulum kick to straight blast (opponent retreats in By-Jong) introduce boxers shell

    1. Side kick

    2. Straight kick

    3. Hook kick

    4. Add hand feint

  3. Against opponents advancing lead (left & right)

    1. Side kick with retreat

    2. Back kick

    3. Front kick (introduce defensive Pak sao)

    4. Hook kick with defensive Pak sao)

  4. Back kick VS. Right straight/hook kick (opponent in right & left leads)

  5. Retreat just enough, stop and fire your own right lead (opponent practices advancing in both right & left stances with right lead jab. (Introduce the false right lead, for opponents left stance)

  6. Sliding leverage & Jik ch’ung chuie (opponent feeds 3 straight punches) Retreat, retreat, sliding leverage

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Video Coming Soon

 

Lesson R: Self Chi-Sao (Whirpool Energy)

  • Forward circling

  • Backward circling  

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video

 

Lesson S: Mook Jong Basics

 
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The Wing Chun wooden dummy uses an arm and leg configuration has three arms and one leg, which represents an opponent's body in various positions and the lines of force the body can give out. The wooden slats on which the muk yan jong is mounted has a springiness that is similar to a human opponent's involuntary reaction and allows the user to practice absorbing energy into his/her stance. The Wooden Man teaches your body and mind to be tough, and your muscles to endure collisions as well.

Know:

  • Kwan sao x 2

  • All tools (from Yee jee kim ma) with base shifting

  • All tools with partner (partner straight punches, working wrist snap)

  • Seep Ma (intercepting circle step)

  • Seep ma to Dumg bo position

  • Seep ma to Dumg bo position with Kwan Sao


 

Lessson T: Rattan Ring

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Training Rattan Rings help teach the practitioner to keep their hands properly linked in attacks and defense. Much of the offensive and defensive techniques we use require advanced coordination between both of your hands.


 

Lesson U: Sensitivity Drills

These drills are built to emphasizes correct positioning, relaxation, and sensitivity toward your opponents intentions. These drills ingrain a necessary muscle memory that you will need when applying self defense techniques with split second precision.

Ring

Springing arms drill (introduction to the Jut Sao)

Don Chi Sao – Single Sticky Hand Drill

  • Palm to chest

  • Switches

  1. Tan sao switch

  2. Fook sao switch

  3. Inside whip switch

  4. Outside whip switch


 

Lesson V: Trapping Drills

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Trapping is incredibly difficult against a skilled opponent, but the concepts transcend into a number of other combat technique, and can be used by those with enough skill. Once trapped you can control your opponent - allowing you to limit the damage done to either of you. Usually this is done by pressing his arms into his torso, effectively “trapping” his arm with yours, and limiting the muscles he can utilize to free his limb - this usually allows for a few moments with which to land a clean strike or begin a combination.

Pak & Lop Drill

Lop Sao/Jom Sao drill (Loping or Paking opponents Tan Sao or Jom Sao)

Bong Sao/Lop Sao drill

  1. Fan sao switch

  2. High lop sao switch

  3. Low lop sao switch

  4. Tan sao switch

  5. Pak sao switch

  6. Biu sao switch

  7. Goang sao switch


 

Lesson W: Rolling

Back rolls

  • From seated position

  • From standing

  • Walking

Forward rolls

  • From standing

  • Walking

  • Diving

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video

 

Lesson X: Falling

Learning to use your body is key in self defense and all of the martial arts. Getting up and down safely and correctly is obviously part of that. This techniques also allow you to train throws and take-downs with partner with minimized risk.

Back falls

  • From standing

  • Walking

Side falls Left & Right

Forward falls

  • Kneeling

  • Standing

Rolling break falls

  • Left & Right

Lesson Media Resources:
  1. Watch the Lesson Video

 

Lesson Y: JF Mook Jong Sets

The Mook Jong Sets give you a set structure to work, in order to ensure you are working the full range of your techniques on the dummy. Almost all movements within these sets translate into real world applications.

The 4 Ranges of combat:

  1. Kicking range -

  2. Punching range -

  3. Trapping range -

  4. Grappling range

Lines 1-10


 

Lesson Z: 4 Corners

 The “Gates” of Wing Chun separate your body into even sections, in order to help you divide and construct a defense. Think high inside, high outside, low inside, low outside. Each of these sectors, in relation to your torso, has a set defensive and counter response that you practice.

In other words, the type of attack is fairly irrelevant; it simply matters towards which of your zones they are attacking. By “filling space,” since no two objects can occupy the same space at the same time, you can create angles of deflection and redirection that does not rely on strength or over complicated movements. This simplifies your movements for maximum effectiveness.

Simultaneous Blocking & Hitting


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This is the end of Phase 1 requirements. Proving you understand theories, drills & can execute Mook Jong lines 1-5, you will be allowed to progress to the next Phase: Phase 2 Kickboxing & Grappling

Damon Evans